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Income, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and infant health

Date Added to Library: 
Thursday, November 17, 2016 - 11:43
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 
10.1257/pol.20120179
Priority: 
normal
Individual Author: 
Hoynes, Hilary
Miller, Doug
Simon, David
Reference Type: 
Research Methodology: 
Published Date: 
February 2015
Published Date (Text): 
February 2015
Publication: 
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy
Volume: 
7
Issue Number: 
1
Page Range: 
172-211
Year: 
2015
Language(s): 
Abstract: 

This paper uses quasi-experimental variation from federal tax reform to evaluate the effect of the EITC on infant health outcomes. We find that the EITC reduces the incidence of low birth weight and increases mean birth weight: a $1,000 treatment-on-the-treated leads to a 2 to 3 percent decline in low birth weight. Our results suggest that the candidate mechanisms include more prenatal care and less negative health behaviors (smoking). Additionally, we find a shift from public to private insurance coverage, and for some a reduction in insurance overall, indicating a potential change in the quality and perhaps quantity of coverage. (Author abstract)

Target Populations: 
Geographic Focus: 
Page Count: 
40
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