Skip to main content
Back to Top

Efficiency and equity of secondary prevention: Evidence from lead screening in Illinois

Date Added to Library: 
Thursday, January 3, 2019 - 09:55
Priority: 
normal
Individual Author: 
Gazze, Ludovica
Reference Type: 
Published Date: 
11/08/2018
Published Date (Date): 
Thursday, November 8, 2018
Year: 
2018
Language(s): 
Abstract: 

Screening for environmental and health hazards can help governments target scarce resources for remediation whenever complete preventative abatement of pollutants and toxins is not cost-effective. For example, child lead poisoning prevention programs throughout the US first identify children exposed to lead through a blood test and then inspect homes to find and remediate exposure sources. Remediation helps mitigate cognitive and non-cognitive consequences for the exposed child, as well shield future residents from exposure. First, I estimate screening demand as a function of family characteristics, exposure risk, distance to providers, and access to remediation funding. Children with higher exposure risk are more likely to be screened. Being 15 minutes farther away from a provider appears to decrease the likelihood of screening by 1%. Moreover, funding availability for remediation increases screening by 2.8%. Second, I exploit seasonal patterns in exposure to estimate the impact of detecting lead hazards at an address on future exposure using an instrumental variable approach. My findings suggest that improving screening could help prevent up to 2% of future exposure cases. (Excerpt from author introduction)

Geographic Focus: 
Page Count: 
51
Topical Area: 
Share/Save

The SSRC is here to help you! Do you need more information on this record?

If you are unable to access the full-text of the article from the Public URL provided, please email our Librarians for assistance at ssrc@opressrc.org.

In addition to the information on this record provided by the SSRC, you may be able to use the following options to find an electronic copy from an online subscription service or your local library:

  • Worldcat to find an electronic copy from an online subscription service
  • Google Scholar to discover other full text options