Skip to main content
Back to Top

Did welfare reform cause the caseload decline?

Date Added to Library: 
Wednesday, August 24, 2016 - 14:56
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 
10.1086/597347
Priority: 
normal
Individual Author: 
Danielson, Caroline
Klerman, Jacob Alex
Reference Type: 
Research Methodology: 
Published Date: 
December 2008
Published Date (Text): 
December 2008
Publication: 
Social Service Review
Volume: 
82
Issue Number: 
4
Page Range: 
703-730
Year: 
2008
Language(s): 
Abstract: 

The federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, created in 1996 to replace Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), devolved considerable policymaking responsibility to states. In the 2006 reauthorization of TANF, Bush administration officials and others proclaimed welfare reform a dramatic success, yet research has not comprehensively assessed the extent to which specific welfare policies caused the caseload to decline. Employing 7 years of AFDC data and 9 years of TANF data, in combination with methods sensitive to the effect of gradually implemented policies on caseload stocks, this work obtains plausible estimates of the effects of the economy and of four policies (financial incentives, sanctions, time limits, and diversion) that characterize the shift from AFDC to TANF. Simulations imply that the examined policies pushed the caseload down in the 1990s but that neither they nor the economy can explain the majority of the decline. (Author abstract)

Page Count: 
29
Share/Save

The SSRC is here to help you! Do you need more information on this record?

If you are unable to access the full-text of the article from the Public URL provided, please email our Librarians for assistance at ssrc@opressrc.org.

In addition to the information on this record provided by the SSRC, you may be able to use the following options to find an electronic copy from an online subscription service or your local library:

  • Worldcat to find an electronic copy from an online subscription service
  • Google Scholar to discover other full text options