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Changing poverty, changing policies

Date Added to Library: 
Friday, January 4, 2013 - 13:10
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-0-87154-310-3
Priority: 
normal
Individual Author: 
Cancian, Maria
Danziger, Sheldon
Reference Type: 
Place Published: 
New York
Published Date: 
September 2009
Published Date (Text): 
September 2009
Year: 
2009
Language(s): 
Abstract: 

Poverty declined significantly in the decade after Lyndon Johnson’s 1964 declaration of “War on Poverty.” Dramatically increased federal funding for education and training programs, social security benefits, other income support programs, and a growing economy reduced poverty and raised expectations that income poverty could be eliminated within a generation. Yet the official poverty rate has never fallen below its 1973 level and remains higher than the rates in many other advanced economies. In this book, editors Maria Cancian and Sheldon Danziger and leading poverty researchers assess why the War on Poverty was not won and analyze the most promising strategies to reduce poverty in the twenty-first century economy.

Changing Poverty, Changing Policies documents how economic, social, demographic, and public policy changes since the early 1970s have altered who is poor and where antipoverty initiatives have kept pace or fallen behind. Part I shows that little progress has been made in reducing poverty, except among the elderly, in the last three decades. The chapters examine how changing labor market opportunities for less-educated workers have increased their risk of poverty (Rebecca Blank), and how family structure changes (Maria Cancian and Deborah Reed) and immigration have affected poverty (Steven Raphael and Eugene Smolensky). Part II assesses the ways childhood poverty influences adult outcomes. Markus Jäntti finds that poor American children are more likely to be poor adults than are children in many other industrialized countries. Part III focuses on current antipoverty policies and possible alternatives. Jane Waldfogel demonstrates that policies in other countries—such as sick leave, subsidized child care, and schedule flexibility—help low-wage parents better balance work and family responsibilities. Part IV considers how rethinking and redefining poverty might take antipoverty policies in new directions. Mary Jo Bane assesses the politics of poverty since the 1996 welfare reform act. Robert Haveman argues that income-based poverty measures should be expanded, as they have been in Europe, to include social exclusion and multiple dimensions of material hardships.

Changing Poverty, Changing Policies shows that thoughtful policy reforms can reduce poverty and promote opportunities for poor workers and their families. The authors’ focus on pragmatic measures that have real possibilities of being implemented in the United States not only provides vital knowledge about what works but real hope for change. (author abstract)

Table of Contents:

Contributors

Acknowledgments

  • Chapter 1: Changing Poverty and Changing Antipoverty Policies, Maria Cancian and Sheldon Danziger

PART 1 ECONOMIC CHANGES, DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES, AND TRENDS IN POVERTY

  • Chapter 2: Poverty Levels and Trends in Comparative Perspective, Daniel R. Meyer and Geoffrey L. Wallace
  • Chapter 3: Economic Change and the Structure of Opportunity for Less-skilled Workers, Rebecca M. Blank
  • Chapter 4: Family Structure, Childbearing and Parental Employment: Implications for the Level and Trend in Poverty, Maria Cancian and Deborah Reed
  • Chapter 5: Immigration and Poverty in the United States, Steven Raphael and Eugene Smolensky

PART 2 MOBILITY AND ITS CONSEQUENCES

  • Chapter 6: Enduring Influences of Childhood Poverty, Katherine Magnuson and Elizabeth Votruba-Drzal
  • Chapter 7: Mobility in the United States in Comparative Perspective, Markus Jäntti

PART 3 THE EVOLUTION AND SCOPE OF ANTIPOVERTY POLICIES

  • Chapter 8: Trends in Income Support, John Karl Scholz, Robert Moffitt, and Benjamin Cowan
  • Chapter 9: The Role of Family Policies in Antipoverty, Jane Waldfogel
  • Chapter 10: Improving Education Outcomes for Poor Children, Brian A. Jacob and Jens Ludwig
  • Chapter 11: Workforce Development as an Antipoverty Strategy: What Do We Know? What Should We Do?, Harry J. Holzer
  • Chapter 12: Healthcare for the Poor: For Whom, What Care and Whose Responsibility?, Katherine Swartz

PART 4 THE POLITICS OF POVERTY AND ITS MEANING IN A RICH COUNTRY

  • Chapter 13: Poverty, Politics, and Policy, Mary Jo Bane
  • Chapter 14: What Does it Mean to be Poor in a Rich Society?, Robert Haveman

(author abstract)

Geographic Focus: 
Page Count: 
440
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